Establishes red lines in the world oceans
President Vladimir Putin on Sunday signed Russia’ s “Naval Doctrine” on the occasion of Russian Navy Day at the Kronštadt seaport in St Petersburg.
The document identified the main challenges and threats to Russia and its interests in the oceans of the world, naming the United States as the main threat as it pursues an objective of dominance on the seas and its influence on transport communications and energy resources of the seas.
“The threats include the advancement of NATO ‘s military infrastructure to the borders of Russia and the activation of the alliance’s exercises in the waters of the seas adjacent to the territory of our country.” the document read.
The new doctrine points to the attempts by the United States and its allies to limit Russia’s access to the resources of the world oceans and vitally important sea lanes and the US desire to achieve naval dominance. The new doctrine envisages “diversifying and stepping up maritime activity on the Spitsbergen, Franz Josef Land and Novaya Zemlya archipelagoes and Wrangel Island,”
More submarines, icebreakers and aircraft carriers will be built to contain the US and its allies.
“Developing a modern, hi-tech shipbuilding industry in the Far East designed for building large-tonnage vessels (in particular, for the Arctic’s development) and advanced aircraft carriers for the Navy,” the document continued.
It also took notes of risks. “The COVID-19 pandemic has led to geopolitical uncertainty and a global economic crisis. This crisis, according to the doctrine, is associated with the desire of leading foreign states to change the world order, strengthen the trend towards curtailing globalization processes, the struggle for leadership in the world, as well as increasing the role of national economies and government, including in the field of maritime activities.
Putin signed the document before the start of the Main Naval Parade of the Russian fleet noting that the document marked the boundaries and zones of its national interests.
“These are, first of all, the Arctic waters, the waters of the Black, Okhotsk and Bering seas, the Baltic and Kuril straits. Russia will ensure their protection firmly and by all means,” the head of state stressed.
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