UNGA resolution calls for negotiated settlement
The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) adopted on Wednesday a highly politicised resolution on referendums in the Donetsk Peoples Republic, Lugansk Peoples Republic, Kherson and Zaporozhye regions, as well as on the situation in Ukraine.
143 countries voted in favor of the resolution, five voted against, and 35 abstained. The resolution also calls for a negotiated settlement of the conflict in Ukraine. Russia, Belarus, North Korea, Nicaragua, and Syria voted against. China, India, South Africa abstained, Brazil voted in favor of the resolution. Armenia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan also abstained. Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia supported the resolution, as did Ukraine.
The UN General Assembly special session is adopting the third resolution on Ukraine. On March 2, a document was adopted in connection with the start of Russia’s special military operation in Ukraine, demanding that Russia withdraw its troops. Then 141 countries voted in support, 5 against, 35 abstained, and 12 did not participate.
The text of the resolution is based on a document prepared by the US and Albania, which was considered by the UN Security Council on 30 September. They were criticised by Brazil and India, who indicated that when preparing the document, full consultations were not held with all the countries of the Security Council. In the run-up to the vote in the General Assembly, the drafting of the new draft and the introduction of amendments took more than a week.
The text now states that “The General Assembly welcomes and expresses strong support for the efforts of the Secretary General and member countries, calls on member countries and international organizations, including the OSCE, to support the de-escalation of the current situation and the peaceful resolution of the conflict through political dialogue, negotiations, mediation and other peaceful means.
Crimea and Sevastopol were mentioned in the preamble, where it was stated that they were allegedly “temporarily occupied by Russia.” This provision has disappeared from the final version of the text.
At the same time, the document notes that a peaceful settlement should be achieved “with respect for the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Ukraine within its internationally recognized borders and in accordance with the principles of the UN Charter.” The original text contained only a call for de-escalation, peaceful negotiation was not mentioned in it.
The text of the resolution also retained the provisions condemning and the non-recognition of referendums in the new regions of the Russian Federation, as well as calling on Russia to “completely and without conditions withdraw all armed forces from the territory of Ukraine within its internationally recognised borders.”