Still a Long Way Home
Thousands of Nigerians are trapped at two Egyptian border crossings with Egyptian officials implementing a strict visa regime Nigerian Embassy Cairo helpless
Despite the Nigerian Air Force sparing just one C-130 transport plane loaded with emergency rations, water and medications, Saturday. It would not be enough to cater for the thousands of Nigerians that will need to be processed at the two Egyptian border crossings at Argeen and Qustul-Ashkit in Wadi Halfa,
Air Peace and other civil carriers will be landing at Cairo and the Nigerian government would have to spend huge sums of getting the thousands of Nigerians to Cairo to board flights home.
Al Jazeera reports that the Egyptian border crossing is strictly controlled. All males between the ages of 17 and 49 have been told to go to Halfa to apply for an Egyptian visa at the consulate there.
Women and males younger than 17 and older than 49 can cross at Argeen without visas, meaning many families are separated and have to wait in Argeen for their male relatives to get through.
“We faced a lot of problems because my son was over the age and needed a visa, which took maybe a whole day,” Mostafa, who asked to be identified by only first name, told Al Jazeera shortly after he arrived in the southern Egyptian city of Aswan with his wife and four children.
But once that hurdle was cleared, Mostafa and his family did not foresee any issues in Egypt as they could afford to move around there.
The processing on the Egyptian side is slow, with some people waiting for days to hear their names called so they can proceed into the country. An Egyptian journalist, who spoke to Al Jazeera on condition of anonymity, said such slowdowns are an indication that extra caution is being taken to check everyone coming through.
The government has announced the formation of a crisis task force to monitor the situation with members from the ministries of defence, interior and foreign affairs, as well as General Intelligence.
The Sudanese side of the border crossing has no facilities for the travellers and the Egyptian side has only the Egyptian Red Crescent helping people as the government has reportedly not authorised any other bodies to work at the border.
An Egyptian human rights lawyer, who spoke to Al Jazeera on condition of anonymity, said civil society groups were gearing up to help the arrivals but they were waiting for government permission.
There has been no official confirmation, but observers say the UN has concluded consultations with the Egyptian government and is in Aswan to assess needs in the south.
Christine Bishay, UNHCR spokeswoman, said in an email the UN will be supporting “those in need with lifesaving relief items that will be delivered through the Egyptian Red Crescent teams at the borders”. Among the relief to be offered are “water and hygiene items, transportation and medical assistance”.
The travellers who get to Egypt are relatively well-off and can afford the steeply inflated price for their passage north. Al Jazeera was told by a middle-aged Sudanese woman waiting for a train at Aswan station that some bus owners had raised the cost of one ticket from the Sudanese capital, Khartoum, to Aswan from $100 to $400-$600.
After having to pay for herself and three family members to get into Egypt, she was surprised to be dropped off at the Wadi Karkar station, where they had to pay nine times the usual price for tickets to Aswan, 15 minutes away.
The expenses do not end when they arrive in Aswan, as nearly all the arrivals move onwards to the Egyptian capital by train or bus where they have plans to fly to other countries, or have homes or family. While the train station is busy during the departure hours, there are no people left sleeping in the station or on the streets of Aswan overnight and all hotels in the city are at full capacity.
Some hotels in the Nubian village on Aswan’s west bank of the Nile have offered sharp discounts for Sudanese travellers out of a sense of Nubian solidarity between the people of southern Egypt and northern Sudan, their management told Al Jazeera.
While some travellers were unwell because they had run out of medication for chronic conditions such as diabetes, they had the financial means to buy them and were soon on the mend.
The journalist said once travellers get past the border crossing, the situation in Egypt is not what is typically expected of a “refugee crisis”, nor does the Egyptian government want it to develop in that direction over security concerns.
The government will not want to provide open access for people crossing the border, and it will not be willing to set up camps, the journalist said.
Other than traveller narratives, there is little information coming from the areas south of Aswan and Egyptian journalists have just received permits to go there, but the situation is expected to become clearer over the coming days.
Al Jazeera’s Hiba Morgan reporting from Khartoum said fighting between the Sudanese army and the RSF is ongoing in Al Bahri, in the northern part of the capital, despite the ceasefire.
“Residents have been warned to stay indoors, and that’s despite the fact that this supposed to be a period of ceasefire, where there should be a lull in fighting for people to be able to get out and get their basic necessities from the supermarkets and shops, or tend to their medical needs,” Morgan said.
“But that’s not possible in Bahri as well as city of Omdurman, the twin city of the capital of Khartoum where there’s been fighting [between the two warring sides], despite the fact that there’s supposed to be a ceasefire.”
Morgan said fighting is ongoing especially around the vicinity of the presidential palace, under the control of the RSF which the army is trying to take back, and around the general command of the army, controlled by the military.
Source Al Jazeera